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Rabbi Mordechai Gimple Jaffe

Rabbi Mordechai Gimple Jaffe

Male Abt 1820 - 1891  (~ 71 years)

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  • Name Mordechai Gimple Jaffe 
    Prefix Rabbi 
    Born Abt 1820  Utena, Lithuania Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Biography Jaffe, Morcecai-Gimpel (1820-1891), rabbi, member of the Hibbat Zion movement. Born in Utyana, Kovno district, Jaffe studied at the Volozhin yeshivah and became well known for his religious scholarship and his Hebrew and general education, the latter acquired by his own efforts. When Moses Montefiore visited Russia in 1846, Jaffe headed a delegation to present him with a memorandum on the economic situation of the Jews of Derechin, where Jaffe served as rabbi. In the memorandum he proposed that Montefiore try to influence the Russian government to agree to the following suggestions: allotting land to Jews for farming, permitting Jews to acquire land and to settle in towns outside the Pale of Settlement, rescinding the expulsion order to Jews settled in villages among Christian peasants, restoring the right of Jews to settle their disputes in Jewish courts, etc.

    In 1855, Jaffe was appointed rabbi in the small town of Ruzhany in the Grodno district, and he remained at his post there for over 30 years. He opposed any ideas of religious reform, such as those of Moses Leib Lilienblum. Jaffe supported the activities of the Hevrat Yishuv Erez Israel (Central Committee for Jewish Colonization in Palestine), founded by Zevi Hirsch Kalischer, and established a society of this kind in his community. He also joined the Hibbat Zion movement upon its establishment. When Baron Edmond de Rothschild, urged by Samuel Mohilewer, agreed to found an agricultural settlement in Erez Israel with farmers from Russia, Jaffe aided in the aliyah of Jewish farmers from a village near Ruzhany.

    At the end of 1888, he went to Erez Israel, and after a few months in Jerusalem settled in Yehud, near Petah Tikvah, and headed a yeshivah with eight students. During the shemittah controversy (1889), Jaffe demanded strict compliance with the laws of the Torah. Of his numerous writings, only his comments to the Midrash on Psalms appeared in his lifetime (1865). After his death, his son published some of his works, including the book Zikhronot Mordekhai (1923), in which his letters, memoranda, precepts to his sons, and his will were incorporated.  [1
    Immigration 1888  Jerusalem, Israel Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Residence 1888-1891  Yehud, Israel Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Hebrew Death 25 Che 5652 
    Occupation Rav of Yehud 
    Residence Utena, Lithuania Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died 26 Nov 1891  Yehud, Israel Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Petach Tikva, Israel Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I10353  Blank Family
    Last Modified 18 Nov 2010 

    Father Rabbi Dov Ber Jaffe,   b. 1790, Turitz, Belarus Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Jan 1829, Vilnius, Lithuania Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 39 years) 
    Mother Ruchama Jaffe Turitzer,   b. 1783, Turitz, Belarus Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1828  (Age 45 years) 
    Family ID F7336  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Hinda Chalutz,   b. Otian, Lithuania Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes - date unknown, Ruzhinoi, Poland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Rabbi Yosef Jaffe
     2. Dov Ber Jaffe,   b. 1841,   d. 18 Sep 1902, Grodno, Belarus Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 61 years)
     3. Yechezkel Jaffe,   b. 1852, Vilkoriski, Poland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes - date unknown
     4. Ruchama Jaffe,   b. Yes - date unknown,   d. Yes - date unknown
     5. Rabbi Yaakov Jaffe Rabinovitch,   b. Yes - date unknown,   d. Yes - date unknown, Riga, Latvia Find all individuals with events at this location
     6. Rivka Jaffe,   b. Ruzhinoi, Lithuania Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Jan 1908, Jerusalem, Israel Find all individuals with events at this location
     7. Yocheved Jaffe,   b. Yes - date unknown, Lithuania Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes - date unknown, Jerusalem, Israel Find all individuals with events at this location
     8. Eliyahu Jaffe,   b. Yes - date unknown, Slonim, Belarus Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes - date unknown, Slonim, Belarus Find all individuals with events at this location
     9. Rabbi Tzvi Hirsh Jaffe,   b. Brest-Litovsk, Belarus Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1921, Brest-Litovsk, Belarus Find all individuals with events at this location
    Family ID F7338  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Malka Techitchina NETANEL David,   b. Yes - date unknown, Vikit, Poland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 May 1906, Jerusalem, Israel Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F7339  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - Abt 1820 - Utena, Lithuania Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsImmigration - 1888 - Jerusalem, Israel Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1888-1891 - Yehud, Israel Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - - Utena, Lithuania Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 26 Nov 1891 - Yehud, Israel Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Petach Tikva, Israel Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    Mordechai Gimpel Jaffe
    Mordechai Gimpel Jaffe

    Headstones
    Headstone of Rabbi Mordechai Gimple Jaffe
    Headstone of Rabbi Mordechai Gimple Jaffe

    Histories
    בית הראשונים במושבה יהוד
    בית הראשונים במושבה יהוד
    Rabbi Mordechai Gimpel Jaffe
    Rabbi Mordechai Gimpel Jaffe

  • Sources 
    1. [S14] Encyclopedia Judaica.


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